We, being a legitimate people's organization of the sovereign Filipino people, imploring the aid of Divine Providence, in order to establish a government that shall embody our ideals, promote the general welfare, conserve and develop the patrimony of our Nation, and secure to ourselves and our posterity the blessings of democracy under a regime of justice, peace, liberty, and equality, do ordain and promulgate this Agenda for National Transformation.[i]
We declare as our common, unconditional and irrevocable bond the following principles and policies:
1. That civilian authority shall at all times be supreme over the military[ii];
2. That there shall be separation of church and state[iii];
3. That there shall be freedom of religion[iv].
We dedicate our capabilities and resources to undertake the following reforms:
1. Give highest priority to job creation and consumer price reduction, to attain full employment for the millions of unemployed and underemployed workers, and uplift the welfare of the entire consumer population, through the massive establishment and expansion of enterprises utilizing ALL available capital from BOTH local and foreign sources, by lifting the numerous restrictions on foreign investments that gave rise to local monopolies and cartels. Regulate rather than restrict foreign investments through the institution of a foreign investment council with due regard to the protection of the basic securities of the state.
(The economic reform measure seeks to the benefit of the middle class and the masa class, through the liberalization of nationality requirements for foreign direct investments. The measure aim to create jobs (through the establishment of new business enterprises or expansion of existing business enterprises), reduce consumer prices (through the increase in supply of goods and services), transfer technologies, expand access to foreign markets, promote economic growth, strengthen free competition and enhance efficiency, by eliminating artificial legal barriers to foreign direct investments. Notably, these barriers benefit only the few elite monopolists and oligopolists, at the expense of the majority of workers and consumers, who are unfairly deprived of job opportunities and cheaper goods and services, as a natural consequence of the investment limitations. Furthermore, the measure seeks to pursue anti-corruption through systemic change (by facilitating the entry of independent competitors vis-a-vis the existing cartels of government suppliers). Notwithstanding the thrust to promote foreign investments, the statutory amendments seek to eliminate or mitigate any risk posed by foreign investors to the basic securities of the country by establishing a review mechanism under the Foreign Investment Council with authority to prohibit, suspend or impose conditions on covered transactions.)
1. End impunity in human rights violations by state and non-state actors through the criminal prosecution of all responsible persons, starting with the most brazen crimes left untouched by the justice system, by government and/or para-military forces (i.e. Hacienda Luisita massacre[v]), by rebel communist forces (i.e. Digos massacre[vi]) and by rebel separatist forces (i.e. Al-Barka massacre[vii]; Mamasapano massacre[viii]).
2. End institutionalized plunder under the “pork barrel system” through the criminal prosecution of all responsible persons regardless of party affiliation, starting with the most notorious Disbursement Acceleration Program (DAP) and Priority Development Acceleration Fund (PDAF) respectively held unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in Araullo v. Aquino[ix] and Belgica v. Executive Secretary[x].
3. Correct historical distortions that blinded and misled the people towards unceasing infighting, by creating a Truth Commission to revisit the critical events that changed the fate of the nation, particularly the reported Jabidah massacre[xi] (that sparked the separatist insurgency), the Plaza Miranda bombing[xii] (that revived the communist insurgency) and the Ninoy Aquino assassination[xiii] (that divided the nation).
4. Seek genuine and lasting peace by pursuing the peace process with the separatist and communist rebels based on the applied strategy of disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR), and subject to the recognized rights of indigenous peoples as provided by law[xiv].
5. Strengthen the social institution and revive the cultural heritage of the Southern Sultanates of Sulu, Maguindanao and Lanao, by amending the constitution to mandate congress to recognize by law the titles of royalty of the southern sultanates, subject to the sovereignty of the people, the powers of the government, the establishment of the State, the patrimony of the nation, and the integrity of the national territory.
6. Institutionalize the protection of labor by ensuring that only those with appropriate qualifications AND actually come from the ranks of the workers, farmers and fishermen, are selected to head or manage the department of labor, or to serve as party-list representatives of the labor, peasant and fisherfolk sectors in congress.
7. Manage the population, with due respect to the life of the mother and the life of the unborn from conception[xv], as well as to the family as the basic social institution[xvi], by implementing the Reproductive Health Act as modified and approved by the Supreme Court in Imbong v. Ochoa[xvii], and by promoting natural family planning as provided in the Guiding Principles of the CBCP on Population Control[xviii].
1. Secure the sanctity of the vote[xix] by adopting any one of the following electoral systems before conducting elections:
(a) Manual voting, manual counting and manual canvassing, with full automated audit of the canvassing (i.e. election returns), to protect against the manual “dagdag-bawas” during canvassing;
(b) Manual voting, manual counting and automated transmission and canvassing, to protect against the manual “dagdag-bawas” during canvassing;
(c) Manual voting, automated counting (i.e. Optical Mark Reader system) and automated transmission and canvassing, with ALL the major security features (i.e. source code review, ballot verification, vote verification and digital signatures), PLUS voter’s receipt and FULL manual audit of the counting (i.e. voter’s receipt) and canvassing (i.e. election returns), to protect against massive electronic election fraud in the counting and/or canvassing;
(d) Automated voting, automated counting (i.e. Direct Recording Electronic system) and automated transmission and canvassing, with ALL the major security features (i.e. source code review, vote verification and digital signatures), PLUS voter’s receipt and FULL manual audit of the counting (i.e. voter’s receipt) and canvassing (i.e. election returns), to protect against massive electronic election fraud in the counting and/or canvassing.
2. Harness collective wisdom in leadership, ensure broad political support for government programs, and check graft and corruption through joint responsibility and accountability, by institutionalizing “collective rule” over “one-man rule” at the national level, through the immediate adoption of a “unicameral parliamentary system” in place of the “bicameral presidential system”, that merges the political branches of the executive and the legislature, but leaves separate and independent the non-political branch of the judiciary.
(The new system seeks to weaken the control or influence of the oligarchs over the national government by dispersing the ultimate power of control from one individual to a group of representatives. Paradoxically, it also seeks to strengthen the political branch of government in carrying out reforms that stand against powerful vested interests, by merging the executive with the legislature. It further seeks to diminish the natural advantage of “rich and famous” candidates over competent but unpopular candidates, by replacing one large national constituency with a several small local constituencies, where the manipulative mass media is less effective, and the voter has greater chances knowing the real qualities of the candidate. It finally seeks to make the chief executive more accountable by facilitating his removal through a mere “loss of confidence vote” in the assembly of representatives, instead of an impeachment trial.)
3. Harness collective wisdom in leadership, ensure broad political support for government programs, and check graft and corruption through joint responsibility and accountability, by institutionalizing “collective rule” over “one-man rule” at the local level, through the immediate adoption of a “council type system” in place of the “mayor type system”, that merges the legislative council and the executive mayor.
(The new system seeks to weaken the control or influence of family dynasties over the local government by dispersing the ultimate power of control from one individual to a group of representatives. Paradoxically, it also seeks to strengthen the local government in carrying out reforms that stand against powerful vested interests, by merging the mayor executive with the council legislature. It further seeks to diminish the natural advantage of “rich and famous” candidates over competent but unpopular candidates, by replacing one large local constituency with several small local constituencies, where the manipulative mass media is less effective, and the voter has greater chances of knowing the real qualities of the candidate. It finally seeks to make the local chief executive more accountable by facilitating his removal through a mere vote of “loss of confidence” in the council, instead of an administrative hearing or criminal prosecution.)
4. Bring government closer to the people through the gradual adoption of the semi-federal or federal system throughout the Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao archipelago. The semi-federal system shall involve the creation of a regional authority or an autonomous region, while the federal system shall involve the establishment of a sub-state. The evolutionary process shall be guided by the following twin objectives: to ensure that the decision-makers are readily accessible to the people, and that local resources benefit the local people.
(The regional authority is a national government agency, the autonomous region a local government unit and the sub-state a component state of federal republic. The gradual process may start with an executive order, progress to a congressional statute, and end with a constitutional amendment. The creation of a regional authority does not require a plebiscite, but the establishment of an autonomous region or sub-state requires a plebiscite.)
KILUSAN NG MGA TAGAPAGTANGGOL NG BAYAN (KTB)
Manila, Luzon. 21 August 2015.
Cebu, Visayas. 21 August 2015.
Davao, Mindanao. 21 August 2015.
[i]See 1973 Constitution, Preamble. See 1987 Constitution, Preamble.
[ii]1973 Constitution, Article II, Section 8. 1987 Constitution, Article II, Section 3.
[iii]1973 Constitution, Article XV, Section 15. 1987 Constitution, Article II, Section 6.
[iv]1973 Constitution, Article IV, Section 8. 1987 Constitution, Article III, Section 5.
[ix]G.R. No. 209287, 01 July 2014.
[x]G.R. No. 208566, 19 November 2013.
[xi]18 March 1968.
[xii]21 August 1971.
[xiii]21 August 1983.
[xiv] Rep. Act No. 8371, The Indigenous Peoples’ Rights Act of 1997.
[xv]1987 Constitution, Article II, Section 12.
[xvii] G.R. No. 204819, 08 April 2014.
[xix]1973 Constitution, Article VI, Section 1. 1987 Constitution, Article V, Section 2.